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Marriage Registration, Eligibility Criteria, Documents Required, Duration, Procedure and Jurisdiction, Benefits Of Marriage Certificate

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What is Marriage Registration ?

 An official document that certifies a couple is married is a marriage registration certificate. Marriages can be registered in India either the Special Marriage Act of 1954 or the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955. A marriage registration certificate is an official declaration that a couple is married for both forms of unions. To protect women’s rights, the Supreme Court mandated marriage registration in 2006. Therefore, getting a marriage registration certificate after getting married might be very advantageous.

When applying for a passport or creating a new bank account with a new surname after getting married, you must present your marriage registration document. In addition, while requesting a visa or travelling overseas, many embassies need a copy of the marriage registration certificate.

Eligibility Criteria To Apply For A Marriage Certificate

To get a marriage licence, the couple must fulfil the following conditions:

A permanent resident of India must be the bride or groom in order to obtain a marriage certificate.

At the time of the marriage, the applicant should have a spouse who is still alive.

While the husband must be at least 21 years old, the wife must be at least 18 years old.

Documents Required for Marriage Registration:

  •  Marriage registration Application forms
  • Formal affidavit in the required manner
  • Birth certificate or Mark Sheet: Age Verification for the Groom and the Bride
  • Address Verification: Aadhaar, PAN, and Voter ID
  • pictures of married couples (Joint Photo of bride and groom)
  • Marriage Card (Marriage invitation letter)
  • Photographs of the two witnesses


 Under the Hindu Marriage Act, the appointment would be registered within 15 days of online registration, but under the Special Marriage Act, it might take up to 60 days.

Procedure and Jurisdiction

 Apply For A Marriage Certificate According To The Hindu Act

When both couples are Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, or Sikhs, or have converted to any of these religions, the Hindu Marriage Act is applicable.

You can submit an application at any time during business hours to the office of the Sub-Divisional Magistrate in whose district the husband or wife resides.

Have the husband and wife both sign the form before submitting it.

All paperwork is examined on the application day, and the spouses are given an appointment date and instructions for registering.

Both parties must show up in front of the Additional District Magistrate on the designated day, together with a Designated Officer who observed their marriage (ADM). The Certificate is issued on the same day.

The Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 specifies a number of requirements that must be fulfilled for a marriage to be recognised as legal and lawful. Sections 5 and 7 of the Act provide a description of the requirements. Additionally, a marriage is only accepted as legal if both spouses are Hindus, according to Section 5 of the Hindu Marriage Act. The marriage will not be accepted as a legitimate Hindu union if one of the partners is a Muslim or a Christian.

Marriage Registration Under the Special Marriage Act

All citizens of India are covered by the Special Marriage Act. Under this Act, marriages are performed in court. In addition, anyone, regardless of religion, might solemnise and declare their marriage under the Special Marriage Act of 1954. Additionally, notice is required from those wishing to register a wedding under this Act. Written notice must be sent in the appropriate forms to the responsible marriage officer, whose jurisdiction at least one of the parties to the marriage has resided in for at least 30 days prior to the notification date.

Benefits Of Marriage Certificate

  • A marriage certificate serves as official documentation of the relationship.
  • To stop child marriages, it establishes a minimum marriage age.
  • This documentation can be used by widows to claim their assets.
  • You could use it to check for bigamy or polygamy.
  • It serves as a cautionary tale for spouses who desert their wives.
  • This certification encourages women to exercise their rights to custody of their children and safety from their husbands.
  • Additionally, it is still used when requesting immigration aid, visas, and passport services.

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